Journal of Scientific Papers


© CSR, 2008-2019
ISSN 2071-789X

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Strike Plagiarism

  • General Founder and Publisher:

    Centre of Sociological Research


  • Publishing Partners:

    University of Szczecin (Poland)

    Széchenyi István University, (Hungary)

    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín (Slovak Republic)

  • Membership:

    American Sociological Association

    European Sociological Association

    World Economics Association (WEA)




Workplace violence: Gender and age factors in the search for religious spiritual assistance

Vol. 14, No 4, 2021

Jolita Vveinhardt


Vytautas Magnus University,

Kaunas, Lithuania


ORCID 0000-0001-6231-9402

Workplace violence: Gender and age factors in the search for religious spiritual assistance


Mykolas Deikus


Vytautas Magnus University,

Kaunas, Lithuania


ORCID 0000-0003-1718-7740

Živilė Jezerskė


Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Vilnius, Lithuania


ORCID 0000-0002-3137-8159 


Abstract. Although there is ample literature on violence in the workplace, the opportunities for religious organizations to participate in providing assistance to victims remain little investigated. Therefore, in this article, we analyse the circumstances that promote the search for religious spiritual assistance and how this corresponds to the expectations of victims of violence in the workplace. Based on the results of the empirical study, we demonstrate that despite secularization trends, a sufficient value-based foundation still remains, which makes assistance provided by religious organizations potentially acceptable to victims. Contrary to what could have been expected, men reported being victims of violence more often, and the differences between individual age groups were statistically insignificant. The age variable was important only for obtaining information on this type of assistance. Women, meanwhile, emphasized the importance of religious values more than men did, but at the same time, they also showed greater sensitivity to the contextual circumstances on which the decision to seek religious assistance depended. This article presents only  part of the results of a broader scientific study, one that is exclusively related to victims’ gender and age.


Received: May, 2021

1st Revision: November, 2021

Accepted: December, 2021


DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2021/14-4/16

JEL ClassificationM12, M14, M19

Keywords: workplace violence, victim, gender, female victims, male victims, age, religion, spiritual assistance