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ECONOMICS & SOCIOLOGY


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Impact of non-economic factors on residents’ support for sustainable tourism development in Langkawi Island, Malaysia

Vol. 11, No 4, 2018

Sadraddin Eslami,

 

Azman Hashim International Business School, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 

Johor, Malaysia

E-mail: eslami18@yahoo.com

Impact of non-economic factors on residents’ support for sustainable tourism development in Langkawi Island, Malaysia

 

Zainab Khalifah,

 

Azman Hashim International Business School, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 

Johor, Malaysia

E-mail: zainab@management.utm.my


Abbas Mardani,

 

Azman Hashim International Business School, 

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia

E-mail: mabbas3@live.utm.my


Dalia Streimikiene,

 

Lithuanian Institute of Agrarian Economics, 

Vilnius, Lithuania

E-mail: dalia@mail.lei.lt


 


 

Abstract. This study offers a structural model based on the social exchange theory (SET) and bottom-up spillover theory. The model presents a discussion on the relationships among non-economic factors including perceived sociocultural and environmental impacts of tourism, satisfaction with the way of life and recreation amenities domains, overall quality of life satisfaction and residents support for sustainable tourism development (SSTD) This study uses self-administered survey and employs structural equation modeling (SEM) approach, using the sample of 542 local residents in six different districts of Langkawi Island, Malaysia. The findings reveal that perceived environmental impacts of tourism as a non-economic factor did not influence the domain of residents’ way of life, while it had a significant impact on the domain of recreation amenities. Moreover, perceived sociocultural impacts of tourism influenced both residents’ satisfaction with the way of life and recreation amenities life domains, which in turn affected overall quality of life satisfaction. Finally, overall quality of life satisfaction significantly influenced the residents’ ultimate SSTD. Theoretical contributions of this research along with practical implications are also discussed.

 

Received: April, 2018

1st Revision: July, 2018

Accepted: November, 2018

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2018/11-4/12

JEL ClassificationZ3

Keywords: sustainable tourism, structural equation modeling, quality of life, bottom-up spillover theory, social exchange theory, non-economic factors, Langkawi