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ISSN 2071-789X

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  • General Founder and Publisher:

    Centre of Sociological Research


  • Publishing Partners:

    University of Szczecin (Poland)

    Széchenyi István University, (Hungary)

    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín (Slovak Republic)

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    American Sociological Association

    European Sociological Association

    World Economics Association (WEA)




Can Rural-Urban Migrants Escape from Poverty? Evidence from Four Indonesian Cities

Vol. 11, No 2, 2018

Devanto Shasta Pratomo,


Brawijaya University,

Malang, Indonesia,


Can Rural-Urban Migrants Escape from Poverty? Evidence from Four Indonesian Cities




Abstract. This study examines the probability of rural-urban migrants in Indonesia living under  poverty at destination. The poverty levels is divided into three categories including poor households, near-poor households, and non-poor households, basing on the definition of Indonesian Central Bureau of Statistics’s poverty lines using the expenditure approach. Using Rural-Urban Migration of Indonesia and China (RUMiCI) 2011 data, the findings show that migrants tend to be categorized as non-poor as compared to non-migrants. The important factors that help migrants to escape from poverty include  education of household heads, the number of dependents, and previous working experience in the modern sectors.


Received: December, 2017

1st Revision: March, 2018

Accepted: May, 2018


DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2018/11-2/12

JEL ClassificationI32, J61, R23

Keywords: poverty; migration; rural-urban migrants