Journal of Scientific Papers


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ISSN 2071-789X

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  • General Founder and Publisher:

    Centre of Sociological Research


  • Publishing Partners:

    University of Szczecin (Poland)

    Széchenyi István University, (Hungary)

    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín (Slovak Republic)

  • Membership:

    American Sociological Association

    European Sociological Association

    World Economics Association (WEA)




Comparative analysis of cooperative & non-cooperative farmers in Kosovo

Vol. 14, No 3, 2021

Shyhrete Muriqi


Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences

Gödöllő, Hungary


ORCID 0000-0002-3389-0594

Comparative analysis of cooperative & non-cooperative farmers in Kosovo


Zsolt Baranyai


Metropolitan University,

Budapest, Hungary


ORCID 0000-0003-2487-0302

Maria Fekete-Farkas*


Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences

Gödöllő, Hungary


ORCID 0000-0002-6058-009X

*Corresponding author



Abstract. As reported by the GDP per capita Kosovo is one of the poorest countries in Europe. Relying on the importance and dependence of Kosovo`s economy, it is evident that the development of agriculture sector is among the prime concern of the country`s strategy and international support programs. Several international studies assess the potential of agricultural cooperatives in transforming traditional agricultural farms to modern market-oriented business units, accelerating growth and addressing rural poverty. This research aims to analyze the relationship between socio-demographic, agricultural, and economic factors pertaining to cooperative and non-cooperative farmers in Kosovo and also shows their motivation and expectation related to agricultural practice and behavior. Primary data was collected in 2018 form 165 farmers through semi-structured questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi square and T-test. The results indicated that there was a significant difference (p<0.01) between cooperative and non-cooperative farmers in various factors. Results indicated that the cooperative farmers have agricultural education, more family members are engaged in agricultural activity, have more access to seasonal employees, sharing machinery, higher readiness to invest in machinery with other farmers, and a high level of trust, they mostly operate in vegetable production and have higher income. Furthermore, the results showed differences in sales chain between two groups of farmers. The results contribute to governmental and non-governmental agencies to encourage farmers to establish/join viable cooperatives.


Received: January, 2021

1st Revision: June, 2021

Accepted: August, 2021


DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2021/14-3/13

JEL ClassificationQ1, Q13, Q12

Keywords: agriculture, farmer cooperative, benefits, selling channels, Chi Square, T- test