Journal of Scientific Papers


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ISSN 2071-789X

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Strike Plagiarism

  • General Founder and Publisher:

    Centre of Sociological Research


  • Publishing Partners:

    University of Szczecin (Poland)

    Széchenyi István University, (Hungary)

    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín (Slovak Republic)

  • Membership:

    American Sociological Association

    European Sociological Association

    World Economics Association (WEA)




(Non-)Convex production metafrontier for the Baltic states

Vol. 13, No 2, 2020

Linas Rudminas


Vilnius University,

Vilnius, Lithuania


(Non-)Convex production metafrontier for the Baltic states


Tomas Baležentis


Vilnius University,

Vilnius, Lithuania


ORCID 0000-0002-3906-1711



Abstract. The productive technology can be defined for different levels of aggregation (e.g., enterprises, economic sectors, economies). The groups of relatively homogenous observations can be established in order to model their performance with respect to the corresponding frontiers. The grand technology comprising all the frontiers is termed as the metafrontier. In this paper, we look into the dynamics of productivity of the three Baltic States, namely, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania over the period of 2000-2016. We establish country-specific frontiers and a metafrontier in order to identify technological superiority of the countries against each other. What is more, we apply both convex and non-convex metafrontier in order to ascertain whether the underlying axioms impact the technological gaps. The results confirm the technological superiority of Estonia with regards to the other two Baltic states. Capital productivity requires improvement in Lithuania, whereas both capital and labour productivity gains are necessary in Latvia in order to approach the metafrontier.


Received: August, 2019

1st Revision: March, 2020

Accepted: June, 2020


DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2020/13-2/15

JEL ClassificationC44, O47

Keywords: efficiency, productivity, metafrontier, data envelopment analysis, Baltic states