Journal of Scientific Papers

ECONOMICS & SOCIOLOGY


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ISSN 2071-789X

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Does family CEO enhance corporate performance? The case of Jordan

Vol. 13, No 2, 2020

Zaid Saidat

 

Middle East University, Jordan

Department of Accounting and finance

E-mail: zsaidat@meu.edu.jo

ORCID 0000-0003-4866-4765

Does family CEO enhance corporate performance? The case of Jordan

 

Tareq O Bani-Khalid

 

Al al-Bayt University, Jordan.

Department of Accounting

E-mail: tareq_alkhaldi@aabu.edu.jo


Lara Al-Haddad

 

Yarmouk University, Jordan.

Department of Finance and Banking Sciences

E-mail: Lara.haddad@yu.edu.jo


Zyad Marashdeh

 

The Hashemite University, Jordan.

Department of Finance and Banking

E-mail: zyad@hu.edu.jo



 


 

Abstract. There is a high level of family ownership among Jordanian firms, which is perceived to be the reason why family members are often appointed as CEOs. Advantages and drawbacks of having a family CEO, who tends to concentrate corporate control within the family and minimize ownership dispersion, continue to be debated widely. This study adds to this debate by focusing on the under-researched Jordanian context, where family companies are prominent. A sample of 56 Jordanian listed family firms and 392 firm-year observations for 2009 to 2015 have been used to determine that overall family CEOs are negatively related to corporate performance. This finding is applicable to both accounting-based and market-based performance, stemming from the ROA and Tobin’s Q test results. Further analysis shows an increased negative effect in family firms where non-family shareholders have greater ownership. The study concludes that increases in the level of ownership concentration leads to devaluation among Jordanian family firms.

 

Received: December, 2019

1st Revision: March, 2020

Accepted: June, 2020

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2020/13-2/3

JEL ClassificationD02, O17, P31

Keywords: family business, family CEO, financial performance, multivariate pooled-OLS regression, Jordan