Journal of Scientific Papers

ECONOMICS & SOCIOLOGY


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ISSN 2071-789X

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Change of EU28 countries research and development indicators between 2010 and 2015

Vol. 13, No 1, 2020

Martina Halaskova

 

VŠB- Technical University of Ostrava, Faculty of Economics, Ostrava, Czech Republic

E-mail: martina.halaskova@vsb.cz

Change of EU28 countries research and development indicators between 2010 and 2015

 

Beata Gavurova

 

Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Czech Republic; Faculty of Management and Economics, Zlin, Czech Republic

E-mail: gavurova@utb.cz


Samuel Korony

 

Matej Bel University, Faculty of Economics, Banská Bystrica, Slovakia

E-mail: samuel.korony@umb.sk

 


 

Abstract. In the paper evaluation of research and development efficiency change in EU28 countries between 2010 and 2015. The authors used the non-radial and non-oriented Malmquist index of available R&D indicators of EU28 countries (five inputs and two outputs) and have found six groups of EU28 countries from the viewpoint of three index terms values (efficiency shift, frontier shift and Malmquist index). The relatively best group of countries with progress in both efficiency shift and frontier shift terms (Malmquist index >1) is represented by two countries: Italy and Germany. The last group contains the six relatively worst countries with regress in all three terms (efficiency shift, frontier shift and Malmquist index < 1): Netherlands, Greece, Malta, Poland, Luxembourg and Portugal. It was found by means of the nonparametric test that post-socialist countries are not different from capitalist EU countries from the viewpoint of efficiency change between 2010 and 2015. The biggest change in R&D efficiency using the Malmquist index between 2010 and 2015 was found in Spain, Latvia, Denmark and Ireland. Conversely, the smallest change in R&D efficiency is demonstrated by Poland, Luxembourg and Portugal.

 

Received: May, 2019

1st Revision: November, 2019

Accepted: February, 2020

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2020/13-1/15

JEL ClassificationC61, 032, R11, R12

Keywords: research, development, Malmquist indices, data envelopment analysis