Journal of Scientific Papers

ECONOMICS & SOCIOLOGY


© CSR, 2008-2019
ISSN 2071-789X

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The effects of ethical orientation, individual culture and ethical climate on ethical judgement of public sector employees in Malaysia

Vol. 13, No 1, 2020

Razana Juhaida Johari

 

Faculty of Accountancy, 

UiTM Shah Alam, 40000 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

E-mail: razana@uitm.edu.my

The effects of ethical orientation, individual culture and ethical climate on ethical judgement of public sector employees in Malaysia

 

Ida Rosnidah

 

Faculty of Economics, 

Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati, Cirebon, Indonesia

E-mail: idarosnidah@gmail.com


Siti Syazana Ahmad Nasfy

 

Faculty of Accountancy, 

UiTM Shah Alam, 40000 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

E-mail: shazanasfy@gmail.com


Sayed Alwee Hussnie Sayed Hussin

 

Jabatan Audit Negara, 

Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62518 Putrajaya, Malaysia

E-mail: zuraidahms@salam.uitm.edu.my

 


 

Abstract. Recently, many unethical practices among public sector officer in Malaysia have been exposed. Issues related to unethical judgement of public sector officers such as corruption, misappropriation of assets, abuse of power, and misconduct of duties have been widely reported. As such, citizens are generally sceptical of public sector officers and hold them accountable for their failure in making ethical judgements. Specifically, this study is conducted with the aim to analyse the influence of ethical orientation, individual culture and ethical climate on the ethical judgement of public sector officers in the selected Malaysia public sectors. The data is analysed based on 176 responses of a questionnaire survey. The findings of the study show that the idealistic ethical orientation and individual culture significantly influence the ethical judgement of public sector officers. However, relative ethical orientation and ethical climate show no relationship on the public sector officers’ ethical judgement. This study contributes to literature through better understanding of the influence of the three independent variables (ethical orientation, individual culture and ethical climate) on the ethical judgement among public sector officers in Malaysia. Hence, this study will be useful to the public sector agencies in their effort to improve the ethical conduct of their officers in making judgement for the benefit of the citizens and the nation. The study also provides recommendations on how to improve the credibility and viability of public sector delivery systems towards fulfilling the needs of the public at large.

 

Received: July, 2019

1st Revision: December, 2020

Accepted: February, 2020

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2020/13-1/9

JEL ClassificationM41

Keywords: Public sector officers, ethical judgement, ethical orientation, individual culture, Malaysia