Journal of Scientific Papers

ECONOMICS & SOCIOLOGY


© CSR, 2008-2019
ISSN 2071-789X

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Does financial inclusion alleviate household poverty? Empirical evidence from Indonesia

Vol. 12, No 2, 2019

Taufiq Carnegie Dawood,

 

Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

E-mail: taufiq.dawood@unsyiah.ac.id

ORCID 0000-0002-8216-4468

Does financial inclusion alleviate household poverty? Empirical evidence from Indonesia

 

Hasta Pratama,

 

The Central Statistical Agency of Indonesia (BPS), Tanah Datar Regency, West Sumatra, 

Indonesia

E-mail:hasta@bps.go.id

ORCID 0000-0002-3306-2633


Raja Masbar,

 

Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

E-mail: raja.masbar@unsyiah.ac.id


Rustam Effendi,

 

School of Social Science, Universiti Sains Malaysia,

Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

E-mail: re14_soc081@student.usm.my

rust.effendi@feb.unsyiah.ac.id

ORCID 0000-0002-2502-3482


 


 

Abstract. This study’s contribution to literature is presenting empirical evidence on the impact of financial inclusion, meaning elimination of barriers to accessing financial services, on poverty at the household level in developing countries, using Indonesia as a case study. This is a significant problem for developing countries such as Indonesia, which faces high poverty, even though it has achieved rapid financial development. Using the Binary Logistic (Logit) model and data from approximately 300,000 households from the 2017 Indonesian National Social and Economic Survey (Susenas), this research reveals that financial inclusion decreases households’ probability of absolute poverty. Furthermore, financial inclusion can compensate for a lack of assets, a limited number of non-agriculture occupational opportunities in rural areas, and low education levels of household heads. In addition, financial inclusion has the potential to reduce incentives for poor, low-skilled rural people to migrate to urban areas in search of non-agricultural employment opportunities. Policy recommendations based on the results found are twofold. First, for people who are vulnerable to poverty, financial inclusion should be enhanced, especially for poor women-headed farming households in rural areas. Second, for policy-makers concerned with urbanization of low-skilled poor migrants, enhancing financial inclusion in rural areas is needed to help reduce urbanization pressures.

 

Received: December, 2018

1st Revision: April, 2019

Accepted: May, 2019

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2019/12-2/14

JEL ClassificationG20, O10, O16

Keywords: financial inclusion, poverty, households, Indonesia, logit model