Journal of Scientific Papers

ECONOMICS & SOCIOLOGY


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ISSN 2071-789X

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Predictive power of aggregate corporate earnings and their components for future GDP growths: An international comparison

Vol. 12, No 1, 2019

Sumiyana Sumiyana,

 

University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia,

E-mail: sumiyana@ugm.ac.id

ORCID 0000-0002-1518-9681

Predictive power of aggregate corporate earnings and their components for future GDP growths: An international comparison

 

Sari Atmini,

 

Doctorate Student at University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia,

E-mail: sariatmini@ub.ac.id


Slamet Sugiri,

 

University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia,

E-mail: slamet.sugiri@ugm.ac.id

 


 


 

Abstract. This study investigates the predictive power of aggregate corporate earnings and their four components for future GDP growths. It splits aggregate earnings into operating and non-operating incomes as they have different degrees of permanence. It also splits aggregate earnings into operating cash flows and accruals since earnings management affects them distinctively. This study finds aggregate earnings, operating income, operating cash flows, and accruals as predictors for one- and two-years-ahead GDP growths. However, it does not find such predictive power for aggregate non-operating income. Furthermore, this study splits the research sample based on macroeconomic development level and documents how aggregate earnings have predictive power over the longer horizon in developed countries, while aggregate non-operating income is a good predictor only in developing countries. Meanwhile, when splitting the sample based on earnings quality degree, this study demonstrates that the predictive power of aggregate accruals in a high earnings quality subsample is higher than in the low one. In the context of high (low) earnings quality, the predictive power of aggregate accruals is higher (lower) than that of operating cash flows. Overall, besides supporting previous studies’ findings, this study also discovers that corporate earnings components are excellent predictors for future GDP growths.

 

Received: August, 2018

1st Revision: November, 2018

Accepted: February, 2019

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2019/12-1/7

JEL ClassificationM21, O16, P44

Keywords: aggregate earnings, earnings components, future GDP growths, international settings