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ECONOMICS & SOCIOLOGY


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ISSN 2071-789X



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    Centre of Sociological Research

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    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín, Faculty of Social and Economic Relations (Slovak Republic)



     
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Georgian Welfare State: Preliminary Study Based on Esping-Andersen’s Typology

Vol. 10, No 4, 2017

Magda Asatiani,

 

Ilia State University,

Tbilisi, Georgia,

E-mail: magda.asatiani.1@iliauni.edu.ge

Georgian Welfare State: Preliminary Study Based on Esping-Andersen’s Typology

 

Tengiz Verulava,

 

Ilia State University,

Tbilisi, Georgia,

E-mail: tengiz.verulava@iliauni.edu.ge


 


 

Abstract. This study aims to examine the welfare state of Georgia according to the Esping-Andersen’s typology and to justify the theory of “(in)stable welfare states”. This article analyses different aspects of wellbeing (pension and healthcare systems, labour-market policy and family benefits) in Georgia during the period of 1991-2013. The research shows the diversity of policies in different fields of social care. The results revealed that Georgian health and labour-market policies can be classified as liberal ones, while the pension system – as a social-democratic one, and finally the family benefits policy – as a conservative one. Thus, the theory of (in)stable welfare state can be justified in this case and Georgian state overall can be qualified as a country with a hybrid and instable social policy. However, further research is needed for the final confirmation (or rejection) of this theory, once the current policy reforms, started back in 2013, would be fully implemented.

 

Received: March, 2017

1st Revision: June, 2017

Accepted: October, 2017

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2017/10-4/2

JEL ClassificationD60

Keywords: welfare state, Georgia, Esping-Andersen’s typology